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Siena

  • Monuments - Tuscany

Siena is an ancient medieval town, that was born on three hills and was enclosed by walls. Still today, it welcomes its visitors with this motto, written on the Camollia Door: Cor Magi tibi Seni pandit (Siena opens its heart to you, even more than its door).

Piazza del Campo
The slightly degrading and shell-shaped Piazza del Campo has its floor divided in nine parts, symbolizing the Committee of Nine which governed Siena in the Middle Age. The square adjoins the surrounding alleys via a system of vaulted arches linking the palazzos facing the square. The famous horse-race Palio di Siena is held here in the piazza. Piazza del Campo is one of the most famous piazza in Italy and one of the biggest medieval squares in the world.

The Cathedral
This Romanesque-Gothic church is one of the finest example of religious architecture in Italy. The facade is divided into two levels; the lower part was designed by Giovanni Pisano in the 13th century and features three massive portals decorated with Gothic pediments and carved pillars engraved with allegorical figures. The upper part has a striking moulded rose window set in a square and flanked by some mosaics ornating the gambles that were lately added, in the 19th century. The entire structure is decorated with a picturesque black and white marble stripes motif.

Town Hall and the Tower of the Eater
The Palazzo Pubblico is the town hall and is a remarkable example of Gothic architecture in Italy. The front features striking three headed arch windows in the upper part, adorned with crenelated cornice mouldings, and a battlemented flat roof. The lower part is characterized for white marble coverings and has point arched windows and a big porticoed entrance on the far left, decorated with niches and statues. Remarkable is the brick crenelated belfry, named the Tower of the Eater, after the first tower guardian nickname.

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