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Florence

  • Monuments - Tuscany

 Florence is known for its history and its importance in the Middle Ages and in the Renaissance, especially for its art and architecture. A centre of medieval European trade and finance, the city is often considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance.

Uffizi Galleria
This is one of the most famous museums of paintings and sculpture in the world. Its collection of Primitive and Renaissance paintings comprises several universally acclaimed masterpieces of all time, including works by Giotto, Simone Martini, Piero della Francesca, Fra Angelico, Filippo Lippi, Botticelli, Mantegna, Correggio, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo and Caravaggio. German, Dutch and Flemish masters are also well represented with important works by Dürer, Rembrandt and Rubens.
The Uffizi Gallery occupies the top floor of the large building erected by Giorgio Vasari between 1560 and 1580 to house the administrative offices of the Tuscan State. The Gallery was created by Grand-duke Francesco I and subsequently enriched by various members of the Medici family, who were great collectors of paintings, sculpture and works of art. The collection was rearranged and enlarged by the Lorraine Grand-dukes, who succeeded the Medici, and finally by the Italian State.
The Uffizi buildings also house other important collections: the Contini Bonacossi Collection and the Collection of Prints and Drawings (Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi).
The Vasari Corridor, the raised passageway connecting the Uffizi with the Pitti Palace, was built by Vasari in 1565. It is hung with an important collection of 17th-century paintings and the famous collection of artists’ Self-portraits
HOURS:  Tuesday to Sunday 8,15 – 18,50
Closed Monday, New Year’s Day, May 1st and Christmas Day

Galleria dell'Accademia
The Gallery is particularly famous for its sculptures by Michelangelo: the Prisoners, the St.Matthew and, especially, the statue of David which was transferred here, to the specially designed tribune, from Piazza della Signoria in 1873.
In the adjacent rooms, which were part of two former convents, important works of art were collected here in the 19th century from the Academy of Design, the Academy of Fine Arts and from suppressed convents.
The holdings comprise mostly religious paintings by major artists working in and around Florence between the mid-13th and the late 16th centuries. The collection is especially important for its gold-ground paintings. In the first floor rooms is a sequence of splendid late-gothic polyptychs, complete in all their parts.
There is also a collection of sculptures in plaster by the 19th-century sculptors Lorenzo Bartolini and Luigi Pampaloni, besides a section of Russian icons.
Recently the Gallery has been further enriched by the important collection of old musical instruments from the Cherubini Conservatory, the Department of Musical Instruments.
HOURS: Tuesday to Sunday, 8,15 – 18,50
Closed Monday, New Year’s Day, May 1st, Christmas Day

Palazzo Pitti
The Pitti Palace, is a vast mainly Renaissance palace. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio.
The palace and its contents were donated to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919, and its doors were opened to the public as one of Florence's largest art galleries. Today, it houses several minor collections in addition to those of the Medici family, fully open to the public is the largest museum complex in Florence.
The complex of Pitti Palace includes: Palatine Gallery - Gallery of Modern Art - Silver Museum - Porcelain Museum - Costume Gallery - Boboli Gardens

Palatine Gallery
The Palatine Gallery, on the first floor of the piano nobile, contains a large ensemble of over 500 principally Renaissance paintings, which were once part of the Medicis' and their successors' private art collection. The gallery, which overflows into the royal apartments, contains works by Raphael, Titian, Perugino, Correggio, Peter Paul Rubens, and Pietro da Cortona.

Gallery of Modern Art
The gallery, located on the second floor of Palazzo Pitti displays paintings and sculptures, mostly Italians, from the late eighteenth century until  the First World War.
OPENING TIME
From Tuesday to Sunday: from 8.15 to 18.50
The ticket office closes at 18.05
Closed: Mondays, New Year's Day, 1 May, Christmas

Costume Gallery
Situated in a wing known as the "Palazzina della Meridiana", this gallery contains a collection of theatrical costumes dating from the 16th century until the present.In addition to theatrical costumes, the gallery displays garments worn between the 18th century and the present day and a collection of mid-20th century costume jewellery.
OPENING TIME from Monday to Sunday
08.15 to 16.30 in November, December, January, February
08.15 - 17.30 in March
08.15 - 18.30 in April, May, September and October
08.15 - 17.30 in the month of October to coincide with the change from daylight saving time to standard time
08.15 - 18.50 in June, July, August

Silver Museum
Covering twenty-five rooms the museum occupies the left wing of Pitti Palace at the ground floor, originally the grand ducal summer apartments, and the mezzanine. The Silver Museum collects various kinds of precious objects (gems, cameos, semi-precicus stones, ivory, jewels, silver....) to document the sumptuous life of the princes and the collections owned by the dynasties that ruled Tuscany, with specific attention to the Medici and Lorraine families.

OPENING TIME from Monday to Sunday
8.15 to 16.30 in November, December, January, February
08.15 - 17.30 in March
08.15 - 18.30 in April, May, September and October
08.15 - 17.30 in the month of October to coincide with the change from daylight saving time to standard time
08.15 - 18.50 in June, July, August

Porcelaine Museum
The collection is divided by periods, nations and manufacturers. There are several outstanding examples of Italian porcelain, fine table sets from Vienna and from the German Manufactory of Meissen, French porcelain from Vincennes and Sèvres.
Some of the objects are also gifts from Napoleon to his sister Elisa Baciocchi, Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 1809 to 1814.

OPENING TIME from Monday to Sunday
08.15 to 16.15 in November, December, January, February
08.15 - 17.15 in March
08.15 - 18.15 in April, May, September and October
08.15 - 17.15 in October to coincide with the change from daylight saving time to standard time
08.15 - 18.30 in June, July, August

Boboli gardens
The Garden that extends from the hill behind the Pitti Palace as far as Porta Romana, reached its current extension and appearance, becoming one of the largest and most elegant Italian style gardens, through several stages of enlargement and restructuring work carried out at diffrent times.

OPENING TIME from Monday to Sunday
08.15 - 16.30 in November, December, January, February
08.15 - 17.30 in March
08.15 - 18.30 in April, May, September and October
08.15 - 17.30 in the month of October to coincide with the change from daylight saving time to standard time
08.15 - 19.30 in June, July, August

The last entry is always one hour before closing.
 Closed: first and last Monday of the month, New Year, 1 May, Christmas.

The Dome
The St. Mary of the Flower Cathedral or Florence Dome, is a gothic church designed by Arnolfo del Cambio. The bell tower is 85 mts. high and was projected by Giotto. Filippo Brunelleschi built the distinctive dome. In close-up you can see the Baptistery dedicated to St. John Baptist (patron of Florence), that was built on roman ruins. Noteworthy are its three gilded bronze doors, in particular the eastern door, called Paradise Door, created by Gilberti, representing Old Testament scenes.
Cathedral
Opening:    Mon, Tue, Wed and Fri - 10.00 - 17.00
              Thurs - 10.00 - 16.30
              Sat - 10.00 - 16.45
              Sun and religious holidays: 13.30 - 16.45
Admission free
Entry via the right-hand door in the west front
Disabled access via the Porta dei Canonici (south side of the Cathedral)
Dress appropriately to a place of cult. It is forbidden to enter with bare shoulders and legs, sandals, hats and sunglasses.

Dome
Opening:    Mon to Fri - 08:30-20:00
             Sat - 08:30-17:00
             Sun and religious holidays: 13.00 - 16.00    
Entry via the Porta della Mandorla (north side of the cathedral).
No ticket office at the entrance - Reservation mandatory
Visitors are required to climb 463 steps, no lifts (elevators) are available
The climb is not recommended for people suffering from heart problems, vertigo or claustrophobia

Baptistry
Opening:     Mon to Fri - 08:15-10:15 / 11:15-20:00
               Sat - 08:15-18:30
               Sun and religious holidays: 08:15-13:30

Giotto's Bell Tower
Opening:     08:15-20:00
Visitors are required to climb 414 steps - No lifts (elevators) are available
The climb is not recommended for people suffering from heart problems, vertigo or claustrophobia
 
Crypt
Opening    Mon, Tue, Wed and Fri - 10.00 - 17.00
             Thurs. - 10.00 - 16.30
             Sat - 10.00 - 16.45
            Sun and religious holidays: closed
   
ATTENTION
The times of access to the monuments are subject to changes in time due to extraordinary events.
CLOSING all monuments: January 1, Epiphany, Easter, Christmas

Signoria Square with Old Palace
Old Palace originally called Palazzo of the Signoria, from which the square's name, was built in the 13th-15Ith centuries and it was the hearth of political Florentine life. The tower named "of Arnolfo" embodies in its structure the old Foraboschi tower. In one of its rooms, the "Albergaccio" hall [Bad hotel] Cosimo the Old (in 1433) and Friar Girolamo Savanarola (in 1498) were imprisoned. In close-up the "Rape of Sabins" a sculpture by the Flemish sculptor Giambologna, currently housed in The Loggia of Lanzi.

St. Mary Novella Basilica
It was built by the Dominican Order between 1279 and 1357. The adjective "Novella", meaning new church, refers to the fact that it was built on the place of an already existing oratory, called St. Mary of the vineyards. The church complex includes a convent with three monumental cloisters.

Bargello National Museum
The Museum has a remarkable collection of sculpture and works of art. It occupies an impressive building built for the Capitano del Popolo in the mid-13th century, which later became the seat of the Podestà and Council of Justice.
Since 1865 the palazzo houses the National Museum, bringing together many important Renaissance sculptures, including masterpieces by Donatello, Luca della Robbia, Verrocchio, Michelangelo and Cellini. The museum was subsequently enriched with splendid collections of bronzes, majolica, waxes, enamels, medals, seals, ivories, amber, tapestries, furniture and textiles from the Medici collections and those of private donors.
HOURS: Daily 8.15-13.50
The ticket office closes at 13.20
Closed on the 1st, 3rd and 5th Sunday and 2nd and 4th Monday of each month; New Year’s Day, May 1st and Christmas Day.
    
Cenacolo di Ognissanti
The refectory of the convent of Ognissanti is famous for the large fresco painted in 1488 by Domenico Ghirlandaio. Besides the Last Supper fresco and its sinopia, the refectory also preserves a fine doorway and a lavabo , both dated 1488, and an Annunciation of the early 15th century.
In the adjacent church are two other fine frescoes by Ghirlandaio: St Jerome (1480) and an early work by the artist representing the Madonna of Mercy with the Deposition of Christ , which were painted for the Vespucci family.
The cloister leading to the refectory has frescoes of the Life of St Francis dating from the early 17th century by Florentine artists, including Jacopo Ligozzi and Giovanni da San Giovanni.
HOURS: Monday, Tuesday, Saturday, 9-12
Closed New Year’s Day, May 1st, Christmas Day.
TICKETS Free admission

Medici Riccardi Palace
Palazzo Medici Riccardi has a particularly fascinating history, rich in art and also in political, cultural and worldly events. The history of this palazzo, one of the finest and most famous in Florence, is an integral part of the history of the city, marking out all the important stages in its development.
Built in the mid fifteenth century by Michelozzo on commission from the Medici, the building became the prototype of Renaissance civil architecture. The robust and austere pile of the mansion, originally designed as a sort of cube, was for at least a century the most direct and efficacious symbol of the political and cultural primacy of the Medici in Florence.
After a period of neglect, in 1659 the Medici sold it to the Riccardi who extended the building northwards and partially renovated the interior. The modifications of Baroque flavour, particularly intensive in the last two decades of the century, were on the keynote of lavish show and sophisticated erudition.
When fortune waned and the sun set on this splendour, in 1814 the Riccardi sold the palazzo to the State. Since 1874 it has belonged to the Provincial Authority, which since the beginning of the last century has adopted a policy aimed at the reclamation and valorisation of the building itself and the works housed within.
Palazzo Medici Riccardi offers the visitor the chance to retrace over four centuries of the history of art, architecture and collectionism in Florence.
The itinerary starts on the ground floor, the fulcrum of which is Michelozzo’s fifteenth-century courtyard, one of the most suggestive sites of Renaissance Florence
The true gem of the palazzo is the Chapel of the Magi, reached via the elegant seventeenth-century staircase. The chapel, built and decorated in the fifteenth century, features a harmonious decoration of enchanting beauty. More specifically, the frescoes of Benozzo Gozzoli, more famous even than the artist himself, constitute one of the most eminent illustrations of Medici Florence.
Another important pole of attraction of the museum of Palazzo Medici Riccardi is the magnificent Galleria, created at the end of the seventeenth century and again located on the first floor, in the area overlooking the garden. Here the visitor is immersed in the triumphal and variegated pomp of late Baroque art, dominated by the lively and spectacular tumult of the ceiling fresco by Luca Giordano.
Finally, an integral part of the palazzo and its display circuit are the Biblioteche Moreniana and Riccardiana, located in splendidly decorated premises , with access from Via Ginori.
Opening hours:     weekdays and holidays: 9. 00 – 19. 00
last admission at 18:30
Closed Wednesday
Free entrance:     the disabled and those accompanying
entrance via Cavour no. 1

Entrance to the Chapel is limited to a maximum of 10 visitors every 7 minutes

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