Monuments - Campania
Caserta lies in the plain of the river Volturno and is famous worldwide for its majestic Royal Palace. The city is composed by the regional centre and many small villages such as San Leucio, famous for its silk, the Royal Belvedere, and the ancient medieval town of Casertavecchia.
THE CASERTA ROYAL PALACE
The Caserta Royal Palace is an UNESCO world heritage site. It was designed by the renowned Flemish born Luigi Vanvitelli (Van Wittell); the construction was begun in the second half of 1700 for the Borbone kings of Naples and it summarizes the opulent style of other older European royal palaces like the ones in Versailles or Schoenbrunn. The residence is renowned for the beauty of its English and Italian gardens that house remarkable fountains and an impressive cascade.
CASERTAVECCHIA (OLD CASERTA)
Old Caserta is the medieval town, which was lately abandoned in favour of the modern Caserta that was established in plain close to the Royal Palace. Casertavecchia's cathedral features Sicilian-Moorish decorations like arabesques and Romanesque blind arches motifs enframing the arabesques.
AMPHITHEATRE - SANTA MARIA CAPUA VETERE
Probably built by Hadrian on the site of another older amphitheatre, it is surrounded by the garden of the archaeological excavations. It was the second largest amphitheatre after the roman Colosseum and was mainly used for spectator sports, games and displays. The brickwork was entirely covered with precious marbles. It is the city's symbol.
BELVEDERE SAN LEUCIO
San Leucio is a concrete example of the way the Bourbons built new areas in order to experiment industrial plants based on industrial autonomy. The policy of reformation, thus, is not only the consequence of the Law Code, but it is also visible in the town-planning and the architectural aspect of the borough. It was not inspired by monarchical absolutism, rather, by the principle of equality. The town is organized as follows: at the centre there is the Piazza della Seta (Silk Square) and the 1700 portal which leads to the silk factory – royal building and the suburbs where the workers live. The town’s style is rational and functional. The decorations are extremely simple. The dream of an ideal town with a theatre, a hospital, a cathedral and green spaces ended at the end of 1700 and the coming of the French Revolution. The borough is left and, above all, the artisans and the masters who produce silk are still at work.
Visit itinerary: Royal apartments, industrial archaeology, first part of the silk Museum, Belvedere gardens, house of the …...
SANT'ANGELO IN FORMIS
The Benedectine Basilica of Sant'Angelo in Formis lies in an everlasting holy area, which belongs to Campania's legend and religious history, both pagan and christian.
For the experts, the Basilica of Sant'Angelo in Formis is an important work of art. Their interest lies mainly in the frescos, whose colours, style, connections to other cycles and differences have been deeply analysed