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Pompeii | Herculaneum | Oplontis

  • Monuments - Campania

Archaeological area at the foot of the Vesuvius: Oplontis, the Excavations of Herculaneum and Pompeii.

Famous at the global level, the excavations of Pompeii is the only archaeological site in the world, along with that of Herculaneum, capable of returning visitors a Roman town, whose life has remained firm to a distant morning in 79 AD, an era from which the Vesuvius decided to cancel by earth orbit.
The town owes its exceptional state of preservation the way in which it was buried. Tonnes of ash, pumice have covered under a layer of over 6 meters preserve it the same time, by most offenses of time. The same pyroclastic materials, united around invested bodies, have kept the mark, allowing archaeologists to refound in attitudes as a result of short but atrocious fears.
The old Roman who visit today is actually "son" of another, oldest, founded in early sixth century BC by Osci. The Italian city has left many traces of itself. Indeed, it initially inhabited only in the area where is now the forum, extended after taking the plant to rectangular blocks (insulae) still visible. Many buildings currently visited were made during the second century BC before Pompeii, following the war that the social opposed to Rome, was conquered by L. Cornelius became a Roman colony Silla (80 BC). Over the years the colony there were some important achievements such as the Baths of the Forum and the Amphitheatre. The current was achieved in the first imperial age, an era which date from the Palestra Grande and public buildings on the east side of the Forum. The latter, surrounded by a portico  and dominated from the temple of Jupiter, is the heart of the city, its political, administrative and commercial matters. At the Forum opposed the district theaters, beating heart of cultural activities and religious pompeiane, made in the second century BC The activities "games" were placed in large part on the far outskirts where you can visit the Amphitheatre and the Palestra Grande. Of great interest the public baths: those of "Forum" and "Stabiane" visited only in the male section and characterized by alternating of environments temperature gradually increasing (frigidarium, tepidarium and calidarium).

Access to Ruins
Porta Marina Superiore - Ticket phone +39 081 8575348/9
Piazza Anfiteatro - Ticket phone +39 081 8566484
Viale delle Ginestre (Piazza Esedra) - Ticket phone +39 081 8575348/9

from November 1 to March 31
   daily from 8.30 am to 17.00 (last admission 15.30)
April 1 to October 31
   daily from 8.30 am to 19.30 (last admission 18.00)
Closed 1th January,1th May and 25th December

Born in the archaic age and initially inhabited by an indigenous settlement, the city was later exposed to Samnitic, Greek, and Etruscan influences, up to the predominance of Roman civilisation, still today visible and in an excellent state of preservation. Situated on a volcanic plateau, sheer over the sea, Herculaneum like the other cities of Vesuvius was submerged by the eruption of Vesuvius in 70 A.D., which buried it beneath a layer of debris measuring up to twenty-three metres in height. The city was brought back to light during excavations conducted by the Bourbons, which started following a chance discovery in the area near the ancient theatre of Herculaneum. What remains of the ancient Bourbon tunnels testifies to the by-now outdated excavation technique by parallel galleries which, however, is a fascinating sight to observe.
The excavations offer the visitor the possibility to observe the urban fabric, the distribution of houses, several of which occupy scenographic locations facing the sea, the magnificent baths complex, the sumptuous palaestra and the monumental basilica. The perfect state of preservation of wood elements, bronze artefacts and, especially, of the facades of houses, offers a complete picture of residential housing, which enables the reconstruction of everyday life, the style of living, and the various styles of Vesuvian painting.

ARTECARD: the site is included in the Campania Artecard circuit

The villa, restored by Ville Vesuviane Society and inaugurated in 1984, is part of the so called "Miglio d'oro", bordering "Villa Favorita". It was built between 1755 and 1755 by Mario Gioffredo on behalf of the owner Duke Luigi di Sangro Casacalenda. Luigi Vanvitelli directed the works, lately ended by his son Carlo. The building features a marvelous elliptical porch and it is famous for a huge dome covering entirely the stairs hall. The villa is setting for important cultural and artistic events. Among the most well-known we can quote "The Vesuvian Villae Festival".

The beautiful Villa Favorita Park lies close to the sea, and is part of the so called "Miglio d'Oro" (Gold Mile), a beautiful promenade flanked by many old remarkable county villas. It is crossed by a long alley which divides the park in two side wings; Villa Favorita was the pleasure garden for the recreation of the Borbone aristocracy. In the Villa Park are frequently held shows and cultural events.

View of the big Oplontis Villa, belonging to Poppea, the second Nero's wife. Built in the half of the I century B.C. it was buried by the Vesuvius eruption of the 79 A.D. and it has been declared by UNESCO as Humanity Heritage. The Villa was fully decorated with frescos of II style and the building technique adopted was in opus incertum and in opus reticolatum. For the richness of decorations and the beauty of panorama, it is considered one of the most splendid roman villas left in Italy.

On the slopes of Vesuvius, it is by some identified with the Pagus Augustus Felix Suburbanus. It was inhabited since the Protohistory thanks to its fertility, and was reoccupied after the 79 A.D. eruption. The Antiquarium of Boscoreale was founded in 1991 by the Soprintendenza archeologica di Pompei thanks to the finds from Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, Stabiae, Terzigno, and Boscoreale and to a didactic apparatus. It shows the main aspects of the Vesuvian area during the Roman age and how people made use of natural resources.

opening hours
january february march november december
   from 08:30 to 17:00
april may june july august september october
   from 08:30 to 19:30
Last admission one hour half before closing time.

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